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Glossary of shipping terms

Accommodation deck — decks on a sea vessel, where generally accommodations of the crew are located, usually medium or lower one.

Arkansas — the old name of carborundum stone of the sea, which are used for compass studs sharpening.

Anchorage — place comfortable for anchoring.

Arm of river — part of the estuary river divided into branches, the bigger one is usually called the main or the major. There can be navigable and unnavigable arms.

Astern navigating bridge — a narrow platform which is located above the upper deck at the stern of the ship, where the reserve ship-handling station is located. Besides, the bridge is meant for a better view and surveillance from the stern of the vessel during mooring.

Awning deck — a weather deck supported on very light scantlings.

Bilge — (1) the rounded portion of a ship's hull, forming a transition between the bottom and the sides. (2) the lowest inner part of a ship's hull.

Boarding (fr.) — ships interlock for hand-to-hand fighting used at the time of rowing and sailing fleet.

Bridge — a crosswise platform or enclosed area above the main deck of a ship from which the ship is controlled. There are two types of the bridge: main bridge and astern navigating bridge.

Cook — a person who prepares food on the ship.

Dam — a barrier constructed across a waterway to control the flow or raise the level of water.

Deck — wooden or metal flooring on vessels. There are such types of deck: upper deck, main deck, accommodation deck, awning deck, sun deck.

Deckhouse — (1) An enclosed structure on a ship’s main deck or on superstructures that does not extend to the sides. Living quarters and administrative and duty rooms, usually arranged in several tiers, are located in the deckhouse. (2) A separate duty room on a ship, which, depending on its purpose, is known variously as the pilothouse, chart house, conning tower (on naval warships), or radio room.

Displacement — the weight or volume of a fluid displaced by a floating body, used especially as a measurement of the weight or bulk of ships.

Draught — the depth of a vessel's keel below the water surface.

Fairway — a channel for vessels that, by virtue of sufficient depth and lack of obstacles, allows safe navigation across some expanse of water, such as a river, lake, sea, strait, or fjord. Fairways are marked by navigation aids, for example, buoys and leading marks.

Galley — the kitchen of a ship, boat.

Gang-plank — a ladder or board or ramp used as a removable footway between a ship and a pier for boarding and leaving the ship. On vessels all kinds of ladder, wherever they are and whatever construction they have, are called gang-planks. They can be used on ships with high board and cargo vessels for leaving the vessel when at the pier or at a mooring place.

Halyard — a rope used to raise or lower a sail, flag, or yard.

Keel — the principal structural member of a ship, running lengthwise along the center line from bow to stern, to which the frames are attached.

Knot — a unit of speed, one nautical mile per hour, approximately 1.85 kilometers.

Latrine — toilet on the ship.

Locker — a small, usually metal compartment that can be locked for the safekeeping of clothing and valuables.

Main bridge — the uppermost open deck, where standard compass is located.

Main deck — the upper floor of the hull on a river vessel.

Mooring line — a rope or cable used for securing a ship to a pier or wharf.

Pier — located perpendicular to the shoreline (or at the angle close to 90°) double-sided mooring place, that makes it possible to carry out loading and unloading works on both sides.

Pivoting pressure — the vessel pressure to the setting assembly. P.p. occurs at the stem of the downhill slide when stern floats during the descent. The value of P.p. is determined by the difference of weight force of the vessel and the water force reaction that occurs during stern floating.

Porthole — a small, usually circular window in a ship's side.

Ravine — relatively low, steep-sided, usually concave bank of the river.

Shalanda — an unpowered large flatbottom boat of metal or wood, used chiefly for transporting cargo.

Stability — the ability of the ship to maintain equilibrium or resume its original, upright position after displacement, as by the sea or strong winds.

Steam jacket — a hollow casing formed around a steam engine cylinder and supplied with steam to keep the interior hot and prevent condensation of the steam in the main cylinder.

Stern — the stern is the rear or aft part of a ship or boat, technically defined as the area built up over the sternpost, extending upwards from the counter to the taffrail.

Steering wheel — mechanical device by which the steering wheel shift.

Sun deck — the upper deck of a passenger ship that is exposed to the sun and used for walks.

Upper deck — the uppermost continuous deck that is capable of being made watertight; freeboard deck.

Water line — any of several lines parallel to this line, marked on the hull of a ship, and indicating the depth to which the ship sinks under various loads.


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